CETRUD believes that Natural resources are scarce, and it is vital that they are used prudently. Concern about the overexploitation and degradation of these resources is growing among both direct users and Professionals who are environmentalists.
The natural resources in developing countries are at an even greater risk from overgrazing, deforestation, bush fires, soil erosion, pollution and dumping of hazardous waste. On the other hand, research shows that many areas that have good capacity to recover, if initiatives are created to rebuild them and protect what is available.

CETRUD knows that environmental problems are complex and hard to understand, often harder to solve. They may occur in one place but not elsewhere. Technical, economic, social and political factors all contribute, and many different interest groups are involved. Some problems have a strong political dimension. For example, insecurity and forced sedentary lifestyle may cause overgrazing. Many problems are the subject of fierce debates among policy makers and environmentalists.
For every problem, many solutions have been attempted. Some have been successful, others not. Degradation cannot be resolved merely by simple technical measures or by passing new laws.
A proper assessment is essential to defining solutions, and this assessment must be shared with the groups concerned to ensure that corrective measures are followed. While consultation and awareness campaigns are important, they are not enough. They must be accompanied by viable, acceptable alternatives. People generally damage the environment because they have no other options: for example, cutting trees for firewood or charcoal to earn much needed cash. Alternative income opportunities can decrease the pressure on natural resources and CETRUD is embarking on alternatives for the youth who burn charcoal for sale.
In Kasese of western Uganda, where 70% of land is protected areas (like national parks, forests mountains, prisons land, mining land), ränge land is being carved up, forcing farmers to settle in crowded highlands. For example, the community of Karusandara lost land to the Kibale National Park and to Uganda prisons, so in this case there is a big problem that needs solutions that are sustainable.
CETRUD and other NGO's work with the Uganda national park authority to allow the community to collect firewood and medicinal plants from the protected areas. Firewood has been the biggest problem in the area. There is nowhere to collect wood and yet people need to burn wood to cook food to survive.
We are also helping the community with agro forestry that includes the planting of edible crops and trees to provide firewood, poles and timber material for construction and other purposes. Some trees also restore soil fertility by helping to fix nitrogen in the degraded soils.